ミラノ中央駅

ミラノ中央駅は北イタリアの鉄道網の結節点で、
一日32万人が乗降する巨大ターミナルだ。(ちなみにjr大阪駅は42万人/日。)
駅の構成はヨーロッパの代表的なターミナル駅同様、
都市側に石造のモニュメンタルな駅本屋があり、反対側に鉄とガラスによるトレイン・シェッドが建てられている。
トレイン・シェッドの巨大アーチによるガラス張りのヴォリュームはスケール、構造美の点で素晴らしく、
また、駅本屋の幅200m高さ72mに及ぶモニュメンタルな構成も一大都市ミラノの顔に相応しい威容を誇っている。
日本には、このような華やかな駅舎がない。
ヨーロッパの駅舎は街の構造からある程度影響を受けているのだろう。
駅舎は基本的には、かつての城壁のあたりに立つ。
ヨーロッパ都市は教会等を中心に城壁で囲われた同心円状の構造をもっている。
城壁が取り払われても、その構造をまもっているから、鉄道は街の中心に向かいながら、
中心から離れた都市の周縁に駅舎が建てられ、鉄道から見れば、そこが終着点となる。
列車はトレイン・シェッドに格納され、都市に向けられた駅本屋は華やかに飾られる。
駅舎は単に、乗り換えのための建築というだけでなく、街の顔となり、また旅人の旅情を大いに盛り上げる。

 

MILANO CENTRAL STATION [ Jan 13 2010 by AO ]

 

Milano Central Station is a connection of railway network in Northern Italy and is a huge terminal where 320,000 passengers get on and off per day.
(for instance, 420,000 passengers per day at JR Osaka station in Japan.)
The structure of the station is, just like typical terminal stations in Europe, there is a monumental station main building on the side of the city and on the opposite side, a train shed is built up with steels and glasses.
The volume of all glazed huge arch of train shed is marvelous in the point of structural beauty and scale and, a monumental composition of station main building having structure as wide as 20m and as high as 72m is proud of its splendid figure worthy of a face of large city of Milano.
In Japan, there is no such gorgeous station building as this.
It seems that station building in Europe may be influenced by the structure of its town to some extent.
Basically, station building is located at the place where there was a castle once.
Cities and towns in Europe have column structures surrounded by castle walls with churches etc., in their center.
Even if castle walls are removed, the structure is kept as it has been, so, station buildings are built up at the circumference of cities and towns away from their centers, while railways take direction toward centers of cities and towns., and, when looking from railways, those station buildings become terminals. 
Trains are housed into train sheds and station main buildings facing cities and towns are ornamented gorgeously.
Station building is not only architecture for transfer of trains, but also it turns out to be a face of city or town, and it also stir the heart of the travelers.
神戸大阪設計事務所

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